After landing, Shkaplerov ate from a bowl of grapes and said he was feeling well and happy to be back on Earth.
Russian news agency TASS reported that the ball is planned to be used during the opening game of the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Moscow on June 14, although FIFA has not confirmed that information.
A Soyuz capsule carrying Russian Anton Shkaplerov, American Scott Tingle and Japan's Norishige Kanai floated down under a red-and-white parachute for a landing on the steppes of Kazakhstan.
Shkaplerov was travelling back to Moscow, reportedly with a football that might be used in the World Cup later this month.
Shkaplerov, Tingle and Kanai spent more than five months in space working on a variety of scientific experiments.
Tingle and Kanai ventured outside the station on separate spacewalks to perform work on parts of the Canadarm2 robotic arm, and also participated in educational events as part of NASA's Year of Education on Station, said the statement.
He later tweeted a correction and apology, clarifying that he had actually only grown by two centimetres.
NASA's Serena Aunon-Chancellor, Russia's Sergey Prokopyev, and Germany's Alexander Gerst, of the European Space Agency, will be the latest residents of the ISS. Russia's piloted spacecraft Soyuz MS-09, which is scheduled to blast off this week to the International Space Station (ISS), has been installed on a launch pad at the Baikonur spaceport in Kazakhstan, Russia's State Space Corporation Roscosmos announced on Monday.
Their Soyuz spacecraft undocked and travelled away from the ISS for a couple of hours, before igniting its engines which took it out of Earth's orbit.
Space research has been one of the few areas of worldwide cooperation between Russian Federation and the West that has not been wrecked by the Ukraine crisis.