The EU executive said Wednesday it would start imposing higher duties on a number of US products in July in response to US President Donald Trump's recent decision to slap higher tariffs on some EU exports.
Metal coils are seen at ArcelorMittal steel plant in Ghent, Belgium, May 22, 2018.
"The new duties start applying in July", European Commission Vice-President Maros Sefcovic told reporters.
On Thursday, Washington announced it would impose a 25-percent steel tariff and a 10-percent aluminum tariff on the European Union, Canada, and Mexico, effective from June 1.
The EU said it will impose the "rebalancing" tariffs on about $3.3 billion (2.8 billion euros) worth of USA steel, bourbon, agricultural products including sweetcorn, orange juice, cranberries and certain clothing made of cotton.
That plan also includes duties of between 10 and 50 percent on a further 3.6 billion euros of US imports in March 2021 or potentially sooner if the World Trade Organization has ruled the USA measures illegal.
Canada placed tariffs on $12.9 billion worth of US goods while Mexico placed tariffs on a variety of USA products.
From blue jeans to motorbikes and whiskey, the EU's hit-list of products targeted for tariffs with the U.S. reads like a catalogue of emblematic American exports.
Numerous products targeted come from states where Republicans are running for reelection in the midterm elections.
The EU - the world's biggest trading bloc - has also taken its case to the World Trade Organization.
As a result, European Union producers now have to put up with a 25-percent tariff on steel exports and a tariff of 10 percent on aluminum shipments to the United States. It is also assessing the need for measures to prevent a surge of imports of steel and aluminium into Europe as non-EU exporters divert product initially bound for the United States.