Another common myth is that the mere mention of the word suicide by friends and loved ones leads individuals to take their lives. "What do I say to them?"
Asking someone if they are considering suicide wont encourage them to do it.
Countries riven by conflict, such as Sri Lanka, are among the most affected, while South Korea and Japan are on the top of the list of industrialised countries dealing with high suicide rates. The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline is available toll free, 24/7, at 1-800-273-8255.
In addition to a pre-existing mental disorder, other factors influence one's risk of suicide, including, but not limited to: a family history of suicide, substance abuse, and stressful life events, such as marital discord or losing one's job. Since December, Arkansas has had a local office to field calls (Wyoming is now the only state without one), so can better direct callers to resources in the state that can help, which could be the difference between life and death.
Almost 45,000 people in the USA died by suicide in 2016, more than twice the number of murders, and the most common method was with a gun.
The recent suicides of two celebrities, Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain again emphasize the need for discussions on suicide prevention. In addition, due to the growth of the digital age, more people are putting a toll on their mental health by spending hours on social media.
Mary and Vic Ojakian - CaliforniaMary and Vic Ojakian are regular attendees of their chapter's campus and community walks and the California State Capitol Day, have testified on several legislative bills supported by AFSP, and were key contributors to the K-12 Toolkit for Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention.
Stopping needless deaths will also require greater policy efforts.
Exeter hospital adopts Zero Suicide prevention model, which trains primary care providers and others who come into regular contact with patients in detecting risk for suicide. The national suicide prevention hotline is a vital service for those suffering grave distress or suicidal ideation.
"We've had a lot of crisis calls where the caller has specifically mentioned Kate Spade or Anthony Bourdain, so we know that that is having a direct impact on people who are calling", Robbins said.
The numbers are more than alarming - they are a national health crisis, one the CDC admits the nation is behind in addressing.