Nipah Virus infection ( NiV) has surfaced in the southern belt of India and is doing the talks deeply. "All cases are linked to the one family in Kozhikode - those who came in contact with them", Rajeev Sadanandan, Additional Chief Secretary, Health and Family Welfare Department in Kerala, told CBS News.
Kerala DGP, Loknath Behera, also issued a warning against misinformation being spread on the health situation.
Meanwhile, the Kerala Cabinet on Tuesday approved a draft to bear all the medical expenses of the diseased and also announced Rs 20 lakh compensation for to the kin of Lini Puthussery, a nurse who died while treating persons infected by Nipah virus.
"They are not confirmed Nipah cases yet, so there is no need to panic", he said by telephone. The virus, which is released through bats' saliva, urine and excreta, typically spreads due to bats consuming fruits on trees. Its hard to manage social media groups who spread misinformation, a senior government official told INDIA TODAY. Fruit bats are the natural host of the virus belonging to Pteropodidae family.
According to the World Health Organization website, NiV was first identified during an outbreak of disease in Kampung Sungai Nipah, Malaysia, in 1998, when pigs were the intermediate hosts. That time, the first infected were pigs that got the virus from fruit bats before transmitting it to pig farmers.
Although the number of patients coming for treatment with symptoms of Nipah virus infection has gone down, Kozhikode Collector U.V. Jose has banned till May 31 all public meetings and even training courses, including tuitions, to avoid assembly of people.
Nipah was first identified in 1998 after pig farmers were infected in the village of Kampung Sungai Nipah, in Malaysia.
It was the slow response to West Africa's 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak, which killed more than 11,300 people before an effective vaccine was developed, that prompted the launch of the CEPI coalition in January 2017. Treatment for the virus, which has a mortality rate of about 70 percent, is supportive care. The symptoms are nearly identical to influenza, including fever and muscle ache and in some cases patients have brain inflammation as well.
The incubation period (interval from infection to the onset of symptoms) is believed to range between from 4-14 days. Human to human contact as well as animal to human contacts have been documented.
There is now no vaccine or treatment to tackle Nipah, which has a mortality rate of around 70 percent.