Olympics chief Thomas Bach called for reforms to the Court of Arbitration for Sport on Sunday as he slammed its "extremely disappointing" decision to lift the life bans for doping imposed on 28 Russian athletes.
"We never expected this", Bach told a media conference.
There will be Russian athletes in Pyeongchang, competing under the Olympic flag and with the Olympic anthem played.
But on Thursday, the Court of Arbitration for Sport announced it was clearing 28 other Russian athletes who competed in Sochi, including 13 athletes who would conceivably be eligible for these Games.
He said Olympic officials had asked Cas for an explanation for their ruling.
A lawyer by profession and a member of the IOC Executive Board, Oswald presided over the IOC Disciplinary Commission alongside Tony Estanguet and suspended 43 Russian athletes for life and disqualified them from the Sochi 2014 Olympic Games, depriving them of their medals.
President Thomas Bach said he was saddened by the "tragic and criminal" sexual abuse case that has rocked US gymnastics and that he hopes an independent investigation will ascertain where athletes were failed.
"We need the reasoned decision to see whether we have any prospect of success", said Bach.
But the International Olympic Committee said Monday its invitation review panel examined applications on behalf of the 15 individuals and had lingering suspicions about potential anti-doping violations.The row puts the International Olympic Committee, which has always claimed to have the final say on which athletes compete in the Games, at loggerheads with sports law's highest court just days before the Olympics begin in South Korea on February 9.
CAS Secretary General Matthieu Reeb said, "This does not mean that these 28 athletes are declared innocent, but in their case, due to insufficient evidence, the appeals are upheld, the sanctions annulled and their individual results achieved in Sochi are reinstated" (LONDON TIMES, 2/1).
"We can not lose sight of the extent nor the scale of the efforts that Russian authorities and athletes engaged in to cheat the anti-doping system", the WADA Athlete Committee added. But those found to be innocent of doping would be invited as "Olympic Athletes from Russia", the name that would appear on their neutral uniforms.
International Olympic Committee president Thomas Bach added: "We are still looking into this issue. we want them to [give] a satisfying explanation".
Speaking during a bad-tempered debate at the 132nd IOC session in Pyeongchang, Pound said: "The whistleblowers have been left with no protection from the Olympic movement and every effort has been made to give a distinctly Russian profile to the (OAR) team here". The WADA-commissioned report by Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren accused Russian Federation of mass doping violations during the Sochi Olympics, including tampering with samples.